The Universal Encyclopedia of Scales

An in-depth account of all 2048 Scales in Music
"...An unprecedented achievement of massive proportions. Monumental and beautifully presented. A must have for any musician or music theory lover."
Learn what's inside the encyclopedia

What is The Universal Encyclopedia of Scales?

In the new youtube series we will take a closer look at scales and how to use and interpret the universale encyclopeida of scales.

A journey through the Universal Encyclopedia of Scales

The World of Scales in 3 Minutes

All 2048 the scales in music with links to source scales, related modes and all scale properties in a 3 minute video

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The Universal Encyclopedia of Scales
12 Volumes in one PDF
All Scales in Music in 2600 pages!
ON SALE $99.99 (60% OFF $250.00)

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2600 pages showing every scale over the circle of fifths, notated in twelve keys with piano keyboard & guitar fretboard.
It includes intervallic formulas, degrees formulas, dissonance index, symmetry, bi-triadic hexatonics, source scales and related modes.

This PDF version is the COMPLETE ENCYCLOPEDIA (not a condensed version).
It contains exactly the same material and pages as in the paperback version with twelve volumes.
Plus it offers all the interactivity only possible in PDF format, such as search options, links between pages and more.

You will not find this encyclopedia anywhere else!!!

A complete encyclopedia of scales has always been on every musician’s wish-list. There are many reasons why having a collection containing all scales in music fascinates us, but the most attractive one is that it is universal.
“There are 2048 scales in music, no more, no less. 12 of them are intervals (scales with only two notes), and 344 of the other 2036 scales are source scales. The amount of scales in music will never change. It will always be 2048 (in a twelve tone system). This not only makes this encyclopedia universal but also eternal."

A Fully Interactive PDF Experience
Works on any computer or device
(Adobe Acrobat Reader recommended)

The Universal Encyclopedia of Scales by mDecks Music was created by using a mapping technique that graphs scales over the circle of fifths.
This technique in conjunction with mathematical principles allowed us to reveal, organize and catalogue the entire universe of musical scales.
The Universal Encyclopedia of Scales contains all 2048 scales in music (2036 scales with three or more notes plus 12 scales of two notes also known as intervals.)
Since graphing allows us to determine which scales were related modes of each other, we were able to establish the amount of source scales of three or more notes which is 344 (not considering intervals which are trivial scales of two notes)

The amount of scales in music will never change. It will always be 2048 (in a twelve tone system). The catalogue ID used in the encyclopedia is also universal and eternal. Standard names for scales including the three other alternative names were created by using different naming techniques consistent with music theory (such as Omit, Add, Truncation, etc)  that facilitate the recognition of a scale based on well-known scale names.

12 Volumes in one PDF

A massive 2600+ page interactive PDF. It includes chapters on scale theory, several master indexes by mode count and note count, source scales, symmteric scales and hexatonic bi-triadic scales.

This interactive PDF is organized by different scale theory properties which are used to linked related pages across the entire encyclopedia.

Source Scale & Related Modes Page

Each of the 344 Source Scales produce the entire collection of 2048 scales in music.
The Source Scale & Related Modes page shows the set of related modes obtained for the current source scale, from which you can access individual scale pages.

Individual Scale Page

Every scale in music has its own individual scale page that shows all related information:
Default name
Alternative names
Link to its Source Scale & Related Modes
Amount of notes, modes & transpositions
Intervallic formula
Degrees Formula
Source Scale
Bi-Triadic Hexatonic classification
A graph over the circle of fifths (including a unique Catalogue-ID)
An interval-content chart and dissonance index values.
The scale is also notated in twelve keys in treble clef, on a piano keyboard & guitar fretboard.
Using scale theory to improvise and compose

Creating Beautiful Music Using Scale Theory

Finding the balance between theory and creativity. "Painting Music Improvisation" by Ariel J. Ramos.

Scale 1131213-2

The Double Harmonic Major

How to use scale theory to create amazing compositions and improvisations. Piano Improvisation by Ariel J. Ramos.

Scale 1131213-2

The Double Harmonic Major Analysis

How to use scale theory to create amazing compositions and improvisations. Piano Improvisation by Ariel J. Ramos.

Scale Theory

Part 1
What is a Scale?

We explain the definition of scale used in the encyclopedia.

Part 2
Intervallic Formula

How do we write a scale's intervallic formula. How does it work?

Part 3
Graph over the Circle of Fifths

How to represent a scale as a graph over the circle of fifths. Why is it useful?

Part 4
Symmetric Scales

What are Scales of Limited Transpositions? (Symmetry).

Part 5
Source Scales

What is a Source Scale?

Part 6
Take a look inside

PDF & Paperback versions

The Universal Encyclopedia of Scales (Paperback)

The 12 Volumes are now available in paperback on Amazon. An unprecedented collection with all 2048 Scales in Music.

What's included in The Universal Encyclopedia of Scales

The Universal Encyclopedia of Scales contains introductory chapters explaining scale theory, how to interpret the material presented and how to use the book.
What is a Scale?
Equivalence of scales
Scale Representation
Source Scales & Related Modes
Summary of Circle of Fifths Transformations
Scales of Limited Transpositions (Symmetry)
Bi-triadic Hexatonic Scales
Cataloguing & Naming Scales
How scales are presented in this encyclopedia
How to use the indexes and search for scales
Search & Find Tips
Finding All Scales In Music

Master Indexes
The Universal Encylopedia of Scales contains a unique cataloguing system with several master indexes.

Index of Source Scales by Mode Count
Index of All Scales by Mode Count
Index of Source Scales by Note Count
Index of All Scales by Note Count
Index of Symmetrical Source Scales
Index of Bi-Triadic Hexatonic Source Scales

Indexes of source scales are linked to the source and related modes pages.
Indexes of all scales are linked to the individual scale pages.

List of All Source Scales in Music (344)

Augmented Triad • Diminshed 7th • Whole Tone • Chromatic • Messiaen V Truncated • Dom7b5 • Messiaen Inv. III Truncated(2) • Half Diminished • Major Triad • Minor Triad • Sus4 Triad • Diminished Triad • Min7 Omit 5 • Maj7 Omit 3 • Sus #4 Triad • Sus b2 Triad • Maj7 Omit 5 • Dom7 Omit 3 • Ionian Trichord • Phrygian Trichord • Dom7 Omit 5 • Chromatic Trichord • Min7b5 Omit 3 • Dorian Trichord • Harmonic Minor Trichord-end • Mixolydian b9 Trichord • Messiaen V • Messiaen II Truncated(3) • Raga Indupriya India • Messiaen III Inv. • Maj7 • Min7 • Min7b5 • Dom7 • Aug7 • 7sus4 • Minor Maj7 • Aug Maj7 • Major Triad add9 • Maj7 Sus2 • Maj7 Sus4 • Chromatic Trichord add5 • Min7b5 Sus4 • Minor Triad add9 • Major Pentatonic Omit 5 • Major Tetrachord • Maj6 Sus#4 • Dom7#9 Omit 5 • Chromatic Trichord add4 • Dorian Tetrachord • Major Triad add#4 • dimMaj7 • Minor-Major Triad • Maj7 sus#4 • Chromatic Trichord add#5 • Mixolydian b9 Tetrachord • Major Blues Tetrachord • Messiaen V Tetrachord • Minor Triad add#11 • 7sus4 #4 • Minor Triad addb9 • Insen Omit 4 • Phrygian Tetrachord • Whole Tone Tetrachord • Messiaen VI Tetrachord • Messiaen III Inv. Tetrachord • Chromatic Tetrachord • Diminished Triad add3 • Altered Tetrachord • Harmonic Minor Tetrachord • Messiaen VI • Messiaen IV • Major Pentatonic • Hirajoshi (Burrows) • Ionian Pentachord • Raga Shri Kaylan • Septatonic (Blues) II Pentachord • Chromatic Dorian Pentachord • Dorian Pentatonic • Minor Pentachord • Oriental Tetratonic • Lydian Pentachord • Major Pentatonic addb9 Pentachord • Major Pentatonic b13 • Sabach Pentachord • Dominant Pentatonic • Raga Vaijayanti • Raga Vijayasri Omit #4 • Double Harmonic Major Pentachord • Minor Maj7 add9 • Raga Megh Omit 4 • Messiaen V Truncated add9 • Messiaen V Omit b2 • Hungarian Minor Pentachord • Raga Vaijayanti b7 • Messiaen V Omit #4 • Hirajoshi (Kostka) addb9 Pentachord • Blues Omit b7 • Phrygian Pentachord • Min7 add9 • Major 6 add#11 • Scriabin • Chromatic Phrygian Pentachord • Major 6 add#9 • Raga Valaji • Locrian Tetrachord • Ionian b5 Pentachord • Chromatic Bebop Pentachord • Mixolydian Augmented Pentachord • Bebop Augmented Pentachord • Japanese Pentachord • Messiaen IV Pentachord • Raga Harikauns n13 • Altered Pentachord • Messiaen IV(2) Pentachord • Nohkan Pentachord • Diminished Pentachord • Min6 addb13 • Enigmatic Minor Pentachord • Raga Vasanta Pentachord • Maj7 add#9 • Maj7 addb7 • Balinese Pentachord • Raga Jyoti Pentachord • Hungarian Major Pentachord • Dom7 add#11 • Balinese n3 • Ultraphrygian Pentachord • Dom7 addb9 • Dom7 addb13 • Locrian Dominant Pentachord • Minor Maj7 addb9 • Major Blues Pentachord • Moorish Phrygian Pentachord • Messiaen VI Pentachord • Kung b13 • Messiaen III Inv. Pentachord • Chromatic PentaMirror • Messiaen VII • Blues • Ritsu • Raga Yamuna Kalyan’s • Raga Megh • Chromatic Mixolydian Inverse Hexachord • Raga Bagesri • Ionian add#4 Bebop Hexachord • Chromatic Bebop Hexachord • Hexatonic I:IIo • Messiaen V n13 • Septatonic (Blues) VI Hexachord • Raga Viyayanagari • Messiaen IV(2) Hexachord • Septatonic (Blues) II Hexachord • Hirajoshi (Kostka) add13 • Honchoshi Plagal • Chinese • Enigmatic Minor Hexachord • Aeolian b1 • Major Blues Heptatonic Omit 2 • Chromatic Mixolydian Omit b7 • Pelog Omit 7 • Raga Kalakanti Omit 4 • Chromatic Phrygian Inverse Omit 6 • Septatonic (Blues) I Hexachord • Raga Vasanta • Dominant Pentatonic add#9 • Raga Vijayasri • Raga Vaijayanti addb13 • Raga Paraju • Messiaen IV(3) Hexachord • Chromatic PentaMirror add#5 • Hexatonic bVI:VI • Raga Kalakanti Omit #4 • Messiaen IV Hexachord • Raga Vijayavasanta • Raga Vasantabhairavi • Blues addb13 Hexachord • Hexatonic VII:IVm • Bebop Augmented Hexachord • Hexatonic bIII:#IVo • Scriabin addb13 • Hexatonic IV:bVIm • Ultraphrygian Omit b2 • Blues Phrygian Hexachord • Messiaen VII(2) Hexachord • Hexatonic V+:#IVo • Youlan Hexachord • Neapolitan Omit 4 • Mixolydian Augmented addb9 Hexachord • Messiaen IV(4) Hexachord • Hexatonic Io:IIo • Blues Minor maj7 • Hexatonic VIo:bVIo • Raga Vasanta add#9 Hexachord • Hexatonic Im:bVIIo • Balinese add7 • Spanish Heptatonic Hexachord • Raga Viyogavarali • Raga Gandharavam • Houseini Hexachord • Hexatonic VIm:bVIo • Bebop Harmonic Minor Hexachord • Kung addb13 • Blues Heptatonic Hexachord • Septatonic (Blues) I Omit 5 • Messiaen VII(4) Hexachord • Blues Enneatonic Hexachord • Chromatic Diatonic Dorian Hexachord • Prometheus • Raga Kalakanti Omit b2 • Chromatic Heptachord • Altered Locrian Omit 6 • Messiaen VII Hexachord • Raga Jyoti • Ionian • Melodic Minor • Harmonic Minor • Major Blues • Harmonic Major • Neapolitan • Neapolitan Minor • Double Harmonic Major • Enigmatic • Mixolydian b5 • Enigmatic Minor • Major Bebop Omit 4 • Altered Locrian n5 • Chromatic Phrygian Inverse • Chromatic Hypodorian • Raga Madhuri • Blues Heptatonic n3 • Youlan Heptachord • Zirafkend Omit 4 • Messiaen V add13 • Raga Neelangi India add5 • Messiaen IV Omit #4 • Harmonic Neapolitan Minor Omit 7 • Raga Latika addb9 • Symmetrical Augmented add9 • Messiaen V add3 • Messiaen III Inv. Heptachord • Septatonic (Blues) I b13 • Septatonic (Blues) VI n5 • Raga Kalakanti • Marva • Raga Vasanta add9 • Chromatic Lydian add9 Heptachord • Symmetrical Augmented add13 • Bebop Altered Lydian Omit #5 • Bebop Altered Lydian Omit #4 • Messiaen VII(2) Heptachord • Spanish Heptatonic bb7 • Messiaen III Inv.(3) Heptachord • Enigmatic Minor add3 Heptachord • Raga Malini #4 • Raga Viyogavarali add9 • Nohkan b9 • Raga Jyoti add#9 • Neveseri Omit #4 • Enigmatic Augmented Dominant b9 • Blues addb13 • Chromatic Mixolydian • Bebop Altered Lydian Omit 4 • Romanian Major • Hexatonic bVIo:VIo addb9 • Hexatonic bVIo:VIo addb7 • Septatonic (Blues) VI n3 • Major Blues addb13 Heptachord • Harmonic Neapolitan Minor Omit b6 • Enigmatic Augmented Dominant b5 • Enigmatic Minor n2 • Blues Enneatonic Heptachord • Blues Heptatonic • Hungarian Major #5 • Enigmatic Minor bb7 • Septatonic (Blues) V #4 • Houseini addb9 Heptachord • Chromatic Heptachord • Nohkan • Raga Jyoti add13 • Dominant Bebop • Major Bebop • Bebop Mixo b9 • Youlan Octachord • Altered Locrian add5 • Ultraphrygian add9 • Messiaen VII(2) Octachord • Messiaen VII(3) Octachord • Pelog addb9 • Bebop Augmented addb9 Octachord • Messiaen VII Octachord • Sabach addb9 • Moorish Phrygian add#11 Octachord • Chromatic Hyoplydian add13 • Ultraphrygian add7 • Ultraphrygian addb7 • Half-diminished Bebop add13 • Chromatic Omit 5 Octachord • Neveseri add13 Octachord • Raga Mian Ki Malhar • Half-diminished Bebop add3 • Moorish Phrygian Omit 4 • Dominant Bebop b13 • Adonai Malakh • Harmonic Neapolitan Minor • Marva addb7 • Chromatic Octachord • Enigmatic add5 • Chromatic Bebop add#9 Octachord • Blues Enneatonic b13 Octachord • Altered add9 • Enigmatic Minor add3 • Blues Enneatonic Octachord • Chromatic Bebop Omit 5 • Shostakovich • Hungarian Minor add3 • Chromatic Heptachord add13 • Messiaen VII(4) Octachord • Pelog addb7 • Romanian Major addb13 • Houseini • Messiaen IV add3 • Messiaen IV add7 • Chromatic Bebop b5 • Moorish Phrygian n13 • Neveseri add9 • Moorish Phrygian • Half Diminished addb13 • Neveseri add13 • Chromatic Bebop • Youlan • Moorish Phrygian add#11 Nonachord • Symmetrical Nonatonic • Houseini add#11 Nonachord • Blues Enneatonic b13 • Chromatic Nonachord • Bebop Harmonic Minor add3 • Chromatic Bebop #5 • Messiaen VII n7 • Chromatic Decachord • Messiaen III Inv. addb9 • Chromatic Bebop addb13 • Symmetrical Nonatonic add13 • Chromatic Undecachord

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